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SAT写作文章“善始善终”

时间:2015-08-08 18:14   来源:滴答教育网  作者admin 点击:   返回首页

  SAT作文的常规结构包括了开头,主体和结尾三个部分,一般而言开头和主体是最受重视的,结尾则不然,很多考生的SAT作文甚至没有结尾。所以SAT写作文章“善始善终”

  SAT作文考试被称为Essay,而国外的essay对写作者的要求并不是很严格,基本上来讲,essay的结构如下:

  Introductory paragraph 总起段

  Thesis statement 中心

  Argument #1  Argument #2  Argument #3

  Concluding sentence结束句

  Body Paragraph #1中间段1

  Topic sentence总起句

  Explanation #1  Explanation #2  Explanation #3

  Concluding Sentence结束句

  Body Paragraph #2中间段2

  Topic sentence

  Explanation #1  Explanation #2  Explanation #3

  Concluding Sentence

  Body Paragraph #3中间段3

  Topic sentence

  Explanation #1  Explanation #2  Explanation #3

  Concluding Sentence

  Concluding Paragraph总结段

  *Paraphrase!

  Restate thesis

  Summarize arguments

  Concluding Statement

  SAT作文作为essay,而且写作者都是高中生,所以评卷的考官并不期待考生可以在短短25分钟之内,就写出一篇完美完整的论文出来,只是以ESSAY的称谓,让考生可以表现出自己的思维特点和组织语言的能力,因此 ,并不是你必须有三段式论证,开宗明义,三个论点支撑,结尾总结,这样严格的结构。

  在官方指南中,针对考题“is there always a however”,一个满分考生就是通篇给了一个例子“how the tragedy of the 1929 stock market crash and the Great Depression necessitated changes that led eventually to a sounder national economy” 。

  对于大多数考生写作来说,清晰的结构确实是初学者在短期之内,比较清晰的写作框架,尽管一味的说必须这么写略有偏颇,但是从提高和拿分的角度讲,也不足为过,因为如果结构清晰,开头点题,结尾收题,会让 整篇文章非常完整。

  结尾段写作的目的是再次提醒读者你的中心论点。适合SAT的写作方法比较简单,即给出总结。

  三段式的结构中,开头段是给出中心论点;中间段(可能是分成几个段落)是支持中心论点部分;结尾段是总结中心论点。很明显,重新陈述自己的观点并不难,只是从作文和语言的角度,一定注意不能重复开篇用过的语 言和词句。

  如官方指南第二版中,第四套题目中的ESSAY: ASSIGNMENT: Do changes that make our lives easier not necessarily make them better?

  一个满分考生的开篇段是: Throughout time mankind has strived to make his life easier. Whether it be through technology, science, or theories of social interaction every generation has made one contribution. From the idea of crop rotation to the cellular telephone mankind has advanced. It can be argued however, that not all of these advancements were beneficial. Many times people are accused of “taking the easy way out”, something that is looked down upon in today’s society.

  结尾段是: While technology and science have made man’s life easier, they have not made it better. Man has become less productive and less devoted, partly, as a result of this newfound ease of life. Therefore, what makes our lives easier does not necessarily make them better.

  典型的三段式,开篇很清晰的给出了观点“It can be argued however, that not all of these advancements were beneficial.”而结尾是“While technology and science have made man’s life easier, they have not made it better.”以及“Therefore, what makes our lives easier does not necessarily make them better.”其实都是对开篇观点的重新改写。这样做比较清晰,反复强调也可以更好的突出主题。

  SAT写作文章“善始善终”,SAT写作考试考的是Essay写作,是一个返朴归真的写作。还要注意分段,找一个适合自己的写作方法

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