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SAT写作例子的使用

时间:2015-07-27 18:38   来源:滴答教育网  作者admin 点击:   返回首页

  大家都知道,对经历过SAT写作的同学来说,在SATESSAY 的组织过程中需要用到一定的例子来支持作者所持有的观点。但是,什么样的例子才能最贴切最适合地帮助我们来论证观点?什么样的例子最好用?怎么样去用例子才能达到我们的目的?下面我们就一起来看一下SAT写作例子的使用

  首先,我们来看一个题目:Can knowledge be a burden rather than a benefit?

  我们来分析一下这个题目:

  Knowledge→human civilization ← human intelligence reflecting (essence)

  To knowledge: the more the better→does well to human beings ←Benefits: treasure of our ancestors---the sources of creation---heritage of social elites of the past---the power of development---mental satisfying

  通过这个简单的关系图,我们可以清楚的看到题目中 knowledge 和 people 以及 human society 之间的关系,对于SAT ESSAY,给出的 Assignment 都是在社会中有过普遍讨论的,因此,题目具有争议性。也就是说,从题目中指出的两个方面我们都可以进行组织和论述:

  Statement: YES or NO

  YES

  Nuclear weapon→the threaten of war →destabilize the whole human society

  E.X.: nuclear power utilizing (negative)

  Plastic bags pollution→created by knowledge→brings convenience to our life→ beyond our ability of solving problem which caused by the using of them

  →Isaac Newton: the cats’ holes story

  There was a time one of Newton’s friends went to visit him, he saw two holes on the wall of Newton’s house, and then he asked for the reason Isaac opened two different holes, one was big, and the other was small. The explanation was: the bigger one was designed for my big cat, and the small one was for the little catty. Then his friend asked, why could not the small cat go through the big hole? Isaac Newton was one of the elites who owned loads of knowledge. However, knowledge became a burden to him at that time.

  →Albert Einstein: the suggestion of nuclear weapon

  When the famous thesis was printed by Einstein on “the Theory of Relativity”, the applying of nuclear power seemed to be already. In this paper, Albert pointed out an equation---the Mass-Energy Equation---which could apparently tell people how to utilize the potential energy involved in single atom. The World War II broke out at the same time, Japan, one of the alliances of German, assaulted the Pearl Harbor which led to the Pacific Battle. In order to force Japan back out, Einstein suggested President Roosevelt to use nuclear weapon. Consequently, Japan became the only country in the world which suffered the pain of nuclear weapon. Einstein kept feeling guilty after that because his knowledge killed thousands of people.

  NO

  Convenient life enjoying→the benefits of knowledge→creation of human beings →the change to our life

  Energy resources→general energy resource→high efficient energy →environmental-friendly energy

  Isaac Newton would not believe that the knowledge he mastered would change the world of human so dramatically. The creations of human beings after Newton helped people to build a new kind of life. Space exploration, construction of cities, and even those motorcars which could be the sign of “modern civilization” were based on the contribution of Isaac Newton---“Calculus” and “Newton’s rules of motion” and “Newton’s Science World”.

  其中涉及到了部分例子的选择和使用,大家可以看到,对于这样的题目,我们在选择一些熟悉例子(比如爱因斯坦、牛顿等)可以考虑使用这样例子中不经常被人们提到,但是非常适合我们文章讨论的地方,比如文中使用了牛顿的“猫洞”故事。

  其实,我们可以看到,任何一个SAT ESSAY 的题目都和“人”有关系,人可以被从两个方面进行描述:

  l inner:人们的内心世界,或者叫做 people's psychological behavior(人们的心理表现)和

  l outer:人们所处的环境 (circumstance)。因此,当我们看到题目的时候,我们认为 inner 可以战胜 outer,我们就会认为一个方面好写一些,反之,另一个方面好写一些。

  既然SAT ESSAY 所有的题目都有这样一个共同的特点,那么也就意味着SAT ESSAY 在组织的过程中也可以使用一些共通的例子来论证我们的观点:

  Liz Merry “Homeless to Harvard”

  Christopher Gardner “The Pursuit of Happiness”

  “Food Inc.”→Remove the veil of food industry

  Liz Merry from Homeless to Harvard

  Christopher Gardner from the Pursuit of Happiness

  John Nash from A Beautiful Mind

  Lie to me (chapter two, season one)

  Farmers from Food Inc

  Ron Clark from Ron Clark’s story

  以上就是SAT写作例子的使用,这些例子几乎可以涵盖所有的SAT写作题目。通过这样几个例子就可以完成SAT ESSAY的论述,就可以很好地完成论证过程,既轻松有高效

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